M & M Associates
by Donella H. Meadows
If the world were a village of 1,000 people, it would include:
95 East & West Europeans
84 Latin Americans
55 Soviets (including for the moment Lithuanians, Latvians, Estonians, and other national groups)
52 North Americans
6 Australians and New Zealanders
The people of the village have considerable difficulty in communicating:
165 people speak Mandarin
That list accounts for the mother tongues of only half the villagers. The other half speak (in descending order of frequency) Bengali, Portuguese, Indonesian, Japanese, German, French, and 200 other languages.
In this village of 1,000 there are:
329 Christians (among them 187 Catholics, 84 Protestants, 31 Orthodox)
86 all other religions
One-third (330) of the 1,000 people in the world village are children and only 60 are over the age of 65. Half the children are immunized against preventable infectious diseases such as measles and polio.
Just under half of the married women in the village have access to and use modern contraceptives.
This year 28 babies will be born. Ten people will die, 3 of them for lack of food, 1 from cancer, 2 of the deaths are of babies born within the year. One person of the 1,000 is infected with the HIV virus; that person most likely has not yet developed a full-blown case of AIDS.
With the 28 births and 10 deaths, the population of the village next year will be 1018.
In this 1,000-person community, 200 people receive 75 percent of the income; another 200 receive only 2 percent of the income.
Only 70 people of the 1,000 own an automobile (although some of the 70 own more than one automobile.
About one-third have access to clean, sage drinking water.
Of the 670 adults in the village, half are illiterate.
The village has six acres of land per person, 6000 acres in all, of which
700 acres are cropland
1400 acres pasture
1,900 acres woodland
2,000 acres desert, tundra, pavement and other wasteland
The woodland is declining rapidly; the wasteland is increasing.
The other land categories are roughly stable.
The village allocates 83 percent of its fertilizer to 40 percent of its cropland - that owned by the richest and best-fed 270 people. Excess fertilizer running off this land causes pollution in lakes and wells. The remaining 60 percent of the land with its 17 percent of the fertilizer, produces 28 percent of the food grains and feeds for 73 percent of the people. The average grain yield on that land is one-third the harvest achieved by the richer villagers.
In the village of 1,000 people, there are:
3 refugees driven from home by war or drought
The village has a total budget each year, public and private, of over $3 million -- $3,000 per person if it is distributed evenly (which, we have already seen, it is not).
Of the total $3 million:
$181,000 goes to weapons and warfare
$159,000 for education
$132,000 for health care
The village has buried beneath it enough explosive power in nuclear weapons to blow itself to smithereens many times over. These weapons are under the control of just 100 people. The other 900 people arewatching them with deep anxiety, wondering whether they can learn to get along together; and if they do, whether they might set off the weapons anyway through inattention or techincal bungling; and if they ever do decide to dismantle the weapons, where in the world village they would dispose of the radioactive materials of which the weapons are made.
Donella Meadows is the principal author of the controversial, upsetting and influential (9 million in print in 29 languages) The Limits to Growth (1972).